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Hand-crafted plank-on-frame wood hull with blue topsides, grey cove stripe . Varnished stained wood hull.
Hull size: 60cm.
Board size: 75cm X 20cm
|Size||75 cm L x 20 cm Hgh|
|Half Hull Size||Medium (75cm X 20cm)|
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William Starling Burgess' heritage weighed heavy upon him: his father, Edward Burgess, had designed three victorious defenders: Puritan, Mayflower and Volunteer.
In 1930, he was commissioned to build a defense contender by the businessman Harold S. Vanderbilt. This was not the first of Starling's tribulations. William S. Burgess left Harvard halfway through his studies, and made his debut in naval architecture. At the turn of the century, he built an aircraft under license to the Wright brothers. He was an inventive, curious engineer, with a desire to innovate and improve.
In 1930, he designed the J Class Enterprise, nicknamed the mechanical boat, the model of which he tank tested before building. His brother, Charles Paine Burgess, carried out sail and rigging tests in the University of New-York wind tunnel, and inspired by studies by Doctor Manfred Curry, designed the famous Park Avenue boom. The mast was a masterpiece in riveted duralumin. Nevertheless, Enterprise had a struggle to be selected in the American trials against Weetamoe, Yankee and Whirlwind.
In the final race, thanks to the masterful hands of Mike Vanderbilt, Enterprise crushed Shamrock V, just before the finish, Starling Burgess was awarded the honor of steering his boat to victory. Sir Thomas Lipton's last attempt was a dismal failure against Mike Vanderbilt and his Enterprise. But popularity of this famous owner of the Shamrock Yachts was such that the public response to a subscription to award him a souvenir cup in gold massive. Overwhelmed, the ordinarily loquacious gentleman was scarcely able to utter a few words, "although I have always lost, you make me think I have won. Today Enterprise was too fast but I will come back to win this damned America's Cup".
There was a crowd in attendance at the launch of the third America's Cup defender designed and built by the Herreshoff brothers. As ever, the boat has been built in an utmost secrecy, forbidding the access of the yard to every journalists and photographers. This time the defender helm was put in the hands of Charles Barr. This was the first time that the famous Scottish skipper, living in he States for some years , had been entrusted with a defender. Captain Nat was to be his co-skipper.
As John Brown predicted, Columbia's steel mast broke after the first trials, due to electrolysis. It was replaced by another in Oregon pine for the rest of the trials. The final race was held on October 20th. The struggle was hard and none of the two teams managed to take a decisive advantage till the last mark. The two were now both fighting against the wind. They heeled over impressively, stemposts dipping into the spray and lifting immense cascades of water.Throughout this first windward beat, Archie Hogarth tried all he knew to escape Columbia, who was controlling him mercilessly. Columbia obviously cut better through the choppy sea, whereas Shamrock had to force her way through and tossed violently the Defender flying her mainsail, staysail and jib, performed marvellously and hauled the wind without losing speed, her sais always full. Scarcely 5 minutes after rounding the mark, Columbia had the race in her pocket. Shamrock tacked first after 20 mninutes, followed the Americans. The difference separating the two yachts could now be seen, since, from the same initial point, Columbia was already 1/8 mile to windward of the Irish. Barr decided to slacken off to avoid breakages and to make sure of victory, as he was a quarter of a mile to windward of his pursuer, and won easily.
The American skipper and the defender had fulfilled their contract, with their three crushing victories over Sir Thomas Lipton's yacht. Columbia had no difficulty in beating Sir Thomas Lipton's Shamrock, designed by Fife Jr III. Before his promise to come back to the following America's Cup, Sir Thomas Lipton paid tribute to his rival: "Mister Herreshoff has shown that he is the greatest yacht designer in the world".